Depression And Mental Health – 11 Common Causes of Mental Health Problems

Mental health is the cognitive and emotional well being of a person. Basically, it covers the way you think, feel, as well as conduct yourself. If you are mentally healthy, then you are not suffering from any form of mental disorder, which, unfortunately, over 57 million Americans are. There is plenty of help out there for anyone who is suffering from depression in silence.In this article, you will learn about eleven common causes of mental health problems.1. Blood sugar problems – It has been found that fluctuating sugar levels in the blood is the most common underlying imbalance in people with mental problems.2. Stimulant and drug dependence – Stimulants and other habit-forming drugs have been found to have psychoactive effects in the brain. If you abuse these drugs, they can negatively affect your mental health.3. Food and chemical allergies and intolerance – Brain allergy is the general term referring to food (or other substance) allergy which triggers neurological, psychological, and emotional symptoms. Yes, some foods can create brain allergies. Additives do too.4. Thyroid problems – An under or overactive thyroid has been found to trigger depression.5. Vitamin B deficiency – B vitamins are beneficial for the brains. Their shortage has been found to cause a kind of mental health problem that resembles schizophrenia.6. Essential Fat deficiency – Essential fats like linoleic and linolenic acids, when synthesized, become crucial components of the brains. If you lack these good fats, you may be putting your brain at risk.7. Heavy metal toxicity – It has been found that low but chronic exposure can lead to a variety of problems including memory loss, aggressive behavior, irritability, depression, and learning deficits.8. Serotonin deficiency – This deficiency is said to be affecting about 16 million of Americans. When your serotonin supply is deficient, you are already considered to have a mental health problem.9. Zinc deficiency – Being deficient in zinc has been found to result in hyperactivity, irritability, inattention, depression, and mental retardation.10. Histamine excess – People who have high histamine levels have high risk of suffering from depression, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).11. Adrenal imbalance – An imbalance in the hormones that the adrenal glands produce may lead to a mental health problem called adrenal fatigue. This is often characterized by low stamina, severe exhaustion, and depression.Remember, people can and do make recoveries from depression and go on to lead their best lives imaginable. Seek help.

French Vs American Labor Law and Policy

U.S. Public Sector Labor PolicyThe public sector comprises the largest section of organized labor in America and continues to grow. Educators, nurses, police officers, and government employees have become heavily unionized or involved in other professional organizations. Although most of the major pieces of labor legislation exclude public employees, they will be increasingly important to understand them as governments continue to outsource administrative, strategic, and other professional work.[1]Employees who engage in collective bargaining use a variety tactics causing slowdown, shutdown, or sick-ins. While the private sector can absorb these tactics, the public sector cannot. Often, key employees such as police or firefighters will strike at critical times, putting the public at a severe detriment for their own greed. Millions of dollars and lives are in the hands of Americas civil servants, thus effective public policy affecting collective bargaining is important to the success of the nation. The largest public sector union is organization is the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) which covers employees of local and state governments, has a membership of 1.3 million and dates back to 1936.[2] Unionization is strong at this level with some 60 percent of eligible public employees belonging to a union or other professional organization. [3].Putting U.S. Public Sector Labor Policy on the AgendaThe issue has been put on the national agenda because of the ability for public sector unions to mobilize a bloc vote and the threat of a strike should they become unhappy with using political conditions. Public employees have bolstered their organization for both reasons involving pay and working conditions. Safety has always been a key bargaining point for many unions, especially those in hazardous occupations. Strikes are very dangerous to the public sector because they often involve first responders or employees in key positions.For example, in 1981 13,000 professional air craft controllers belonging to PATCO went on strike attempting to leave planes to their own devices and guidance causing what could have been a national emergency, simply because they wanted better wages. President Ronald Reagan quickly fired over 70 percent of them sending a clear warning that a strike of this magnitude would not and could not be tolerated by the American Public.[4]Key Actors Shaping U.S. Public Sector Labor PolicySince the early 1960′s federal employees have been able to organize and engage in collective bargaining through an executive order issued by President Kennedy which granted federal employees the right to unionize and engage in collective bargaining. [5] This is a statement that while congress is not a key actor in shaping labor policy for the public sector, the executive branch is. However, the Presidents role in shaping labor policy changes whenever the turnover in the office occurs. Different Presidents simply have different policy prescriptions to unionization problems.Individual states are largely responsible for state, county and municipal employee union policy and here, the state legislature does have considerable power in shaping public policy regarding unions. Many states have rejected the rights unions under what is called the privilege doctrine, it states that: employment in government is not a right but rather a privilege.[6] This is legally defensible and rooted in common law.[7]
Under the Minnesota Labor Relations Act, employers cannot intimidate or discourage union activity employees have a limited right to strike, an employer cannot institute a lockout which involves locking employees out from work, or take action against an employee for being involved in a union or other collective bargaining agency.[8]The Future of Public Sector Labor Policy in the U.S.Certain government employees are very difficult to replace while others can be outsourced. For example, should all the firefighters strike during a crop burning that leads to massive damage, perhaps they should be held liable for damages. In the private sector, unions and management act in an adversarial system, but in the public sector this is not so. This could mean that a manager is less likely to fire an employee simply because he is a member of the union. This leads to retention of incompetent employees and government ineffectiveness.This is a crisis that many future administrators will face and learn to deal with. As the public sector unionization rate continues to increase even while its private counterpart decreases, key actors in public policy must began to look at how to best shape U.S. public policy to deal with public sector unionization.Current labor policy is likely to continue at the federal level, at least until a President with an active interest in changing it emerges. However at the state level, change happens all the time. States are laboratories of democracy and can shape policies affecting those in their employ. One thing to bear in mind is that there is not a substantial labor party in the United States and this will always hinder union activity as it has less of a voice at the table.French Public Sector Labor Policy The French public sector is alive and very strong, with a threat of a strike looming from many areas of the public sector at all times. It is the largest sector of labor in France and unlike America; government is considered an honorable and coveted profession. In the face of recent threats of public sector work stoppages and possible violence, French President Nicolas Sarkozy has tried to keep the nation calm. “I say to everyone-be very responsible, be very calm and show a great deal of composure…This country does not need violence, manipulation on top of all the other problems it has.However, his speeches will not make transportation systems run when they are thrown into “nationwide chaos” by disgruntled unions this fall.[9] Unionization is 5.2 million strong in France but is comprised of trade unions that are aligned under loosely under a variety of different political terms.[10] The public sector has a sense of elitism that separates it from its would be comrades in the other trade unions, however, certain events or disturbances will cause the unions to form temporary alliances and fight a common cause.Putting French Public Sector Labor Policy on the AgendaPart of the reason that unions are reacting so severely to is the recent public policy announcement from President Sarkozy to cut 22,000 jobs in the public sector.[11]The French economy simply cannot afford to support needless jobs and over-inflated unionization of public sector. President Sarkozy stated that he does not want to eliminate the bureaucracy; rather he wants to make it better and sharper. “I want a public service that is smaller, better paid and with better career prospects”, he said.[12]The political movement in France has been a conservative one for some time. It has taken over what was a socialist regime and has made strides against a resistant public sector that is use to bloated salaries and comfortable benefits.[13]Key Actors Shaping French Public Sector Labor PolicyThe key actors shaping French labor policy in the public sector are clearly the public sector, the Executive branch and to some extent the news media. Depending on how closely the unions choose to unite, they can be quite a formidable force, they have been in the past and will probably continue to be in the future. However, the Executive also sets the policy of for the nation and under former liberal and socialist regimes, policies were much more union friendly then they are now.[14]The media chooses which side to take on the issue and while it seems that the mainstream media sources, such as the BBC, have become turned off by unionism and complaining of public servants, there seems to be a strong underground current of socialist literature that floods the web tends to defend unions and civil servants. This could also mean that the socialist party is a key actor in shaping French labor policy in the public sector as it was for some time.The Future of Public Sector Labor Policy in the France France is headed for a number of years that will be riddled with strikes and economic uncertainties. There exists a strong socialist culture in the public sector of France, yet there is currently a conservative administration, these two actors are clearly at odds with each other.The outcome of the policies of the Executive will depend on whether or not the unions can build coalitions, remain strong through considerable economic strife, and regain the news media on their side. If they fail, then the executive will be successful in breaking them and the strategy of not caving in to demands will work, if they are successful, then the Executive strategy of non-cooperation will fail.One of the two sides must break and whoever has the news media on theirs will be better suited to win this battle. Thus the policy could either remain very conservative or gradually move back towards socialist ideas. In a state on its fourth constitution, anything could happen!Similarities Between U.S. & French Public Policy Both France and the United States had strong Executive control over labor policy in the public sector. It seems strange the Legislative branch has very little say in the arena of the public sector in either nation. While Congress has had a large impact on unions in the private sector, it has had almost none in the public sector and is rarely even cited, the same applies for France as their private sector unions are fairly weak.Historically, both countries have had strong public sector unions however; the massive backlash that the unions in France are facing now, already hit the American public sector in the 1980s. This has allowed for the French public sector to continue union militancy through strike and shut down, but forced U.S. civil servants to learn political tactics of achieving their goals and surviving.U.S. Presidents and French Presidents have handled the situation much the same way, but as said, the U.S. went through it in the 1980s and France did not really start going through it until the mid 1990s. The tactics are basically the same, both countries have taken a zero tolerance policy to striking and stuck with it, and it seems to be working. Eventually, Unions in both counties will have to find new ways to survive in increasingly conservative administrations and less public support for their causes.

Culinary Arts Education

Culinary arts have been considered as both an art and a science. It is but a complex concept that involves not just the need for cooking skills and talents, but also the knowledge of everything involved in the craft. It’s no wonder then that experts strongly advised the modern chefs or cooks to wear a number of hats. What I mean is that they must not only exercise their creativity in the kitchen, but they must also learn how to become a business man, how to develop their computer and marketing skills, and must observe safety and health issues in the workplace. Well, it is for these requirements actually that proper culinary education is deemed crucial for everyone wanting to learn the craft and operate a culinary business in the future.Culinary arts education is luckily available throughout the world. A lot of culinary programs are already offered for you to choose from. According to a recent survey, the American Culinary Federation (ACF), which is the leader of standards for culinary professions, has already accredited more than 100 schools offering culinary programs. These programs are offered for people to enroll in and obtain the knowledge and skills necessary in the culinary field.As mentioned, the culinary education begins by choosing a program. It is important to note that the culinary programs normally abide to the strict guidelines and rules maintained by the ACF. One of those rules is to cover approximately three years of culinary arts education with emphasis on implementing preparation and lab courses. This coverage is typically considered along with emphasis on sanitation, menu planning and cost, nutrition, as well as business.There are also certain programs in culinary arts that are designed for those who wish to obtain an associate degree and certification in culinary. This area of culinary education is in the first place developed to provide the people the chance to develop their potentials in cooking. Also, the certifications are considered as an advanced form of culinary education that it is offered to ensure that the ones practicing the craft are good enough to be considered as professionals.Another important part of the culinary education is the training or apprenticeship. The apprenticeship programs now come in great number, each features areas of study that are to some degree unique from the others. However, for the apprenticeship to be taken, the student taking up culinary education must have completed first a three years study which include both classroom instruction and work experience. And, knowing how important the apprenticeships are in culinary arts education, it is no wonder that today about more than 80 apprenticeship programs are already available.The culinary arts education, with all the stages and requirements that needed to be considered, is very expensive. Yes, attending a culinary arts school can be one of the biggest investments you can ever make. But knowing how proper education is important in developing not just your knowledge in the craft, but your skills and talents, the total benefits of attending a culinary arts education outdo the price.